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Table 2 Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation test’s results for the used variables

From: Indonesian and Korean high school student’s disparities in science learning orientations: an approach to multi-group structural equation modeling

VariableMean ± SD (logit)CTRPDASA
IndonesiaKorea
ConstructivistCT2.42 ± 1.581.73 ± 2.251   
ReproductiveRP1.04 ± 0.940.40 ± 1.30.316**1  
Deep ApproachDA1.20 ± 1.43−0.02 ± 2.20.550**.196**1 
Surface ApproachSA0.51 ± 0.660.17 ± 1.10.167**.408**.291**1
Self-efficacySE3.04 ± 2.610.54 ± 3.65.449**.162**.703**.173**
  1. ** p-value < .01; no mark p > .05