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Table 12 Comparison of students’ posttest scientific argumentation skills after controlling the covariate (pretest scientific argumentation skills) (n = 155)

From: Developing scientific argumentation strategies using revised argument-driven inquiry (rADI) in science classrooms in Thailand

  Type III Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig.
Different instructional models 608.715 1 608.715 93.425 .000
Pretest scientific argumentation skills 170.484 1 170.484 26.166 .000
Error 990.357 152 6.516   
  1. R Squared = .450 (Adjusted R Squared = .443)
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