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Table 4 Changes in teaching attitudes and activities of the Vietnamese teachers through their interaction with the designed curriculum

From: Interaction of Vietnamese teachers with a social constructivism-based primary science curriculum in a framework appropriate for a Confucian heritage culture

Category Item (see Table 1) Unit Air Pressure Unit Plant Roots Unit CO2 Reactions
Lesson 1
(Teacher T1)
Lesson 2
(Teacher T2)
Lesson 3
(Teacher T3)
Lesson 4
(Teacher T2)
Lesson 5
(Teacher T3)
Lesson 6
(Teacher T1)
Lesson 7
(Teacher T3)
Lesson 8
(Teacher T1)
Lesson 9
(Teacher T2)
1. Attitude a Closed-minded Closed-minded Closed-minded Closed−/Open-minded Closed−/Open-minded Open-minded Open-minded Open-minded Open-minded
b Superior role Superior role Superior role Superior role Friendly and equitable/ Superior role Friendly and equitable Friendly and equitable Friendly and equitable/ Superior role Friendly and equitable
2. Activity a Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry Encouraging inquiry
b Imposing knowledge Imposing knowledge Imposing knowledge Self-Regulated learning/ Imposing knowledge Self-Regulated learning/ Imposing knowledge Self-Regulated learning Self-Regulated learning Self-Regulated learning/ Imposing knowledge Self-Regulated learning
c Adhering to one-way interactions/ Promoting social interaction Adhering to one-way interactions/ Promoting social interaction Adhering to one-way interactions Adhering to one-way interactions/ Promoting social interaction Adhering to one-way interactions/ Promoting social interaction Promoting social interactions Promoting social interactions Promoting social interactions Promoting social interactions
d Asking for single answers Asking for single answers Seeking elaborative answers Asking for single answers/ Seeking elaborative answers Asking for single answers/ Seeking elaborative answers Seeking elaborative answers Seeking elaborative answers Seeking elaborative answers Seeking elaborative answers