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Table 1 A comparison of the main elements of scientific argumentation skills

From: Developing scientific argumentation strategies using revised argument-driven inquiry (rADI) in science classrooms in Thailand

Elements of scientific argumentation Toulmin (1958) Anuworrachai (2014) Lin and Mintzes (2010)
Claims
Reasoning /Warrants
Data /Evidence
Counter-arguments
Backing/Supportive arguments