Skip to main content

Table 6 Examples of propositions of German and Japanese student teachers (the authors added terms in brackets to make the meaning of the propositions clear)

From: Comparison of German and Japanese student teachers’ views on creativity in chemistry class

Category Examples of propositions of German student teachers Examples of propositions of Japanese student teachers
Attitude to Creativity in Chemistry Classes “creativity facilitates acquisition of knowledge”
“the students’ interest is awakened [by] creativity in chemistry classes”
“creativity in chemistry classes leads to new perspectives”
“creativity in chemistry classes leads to knowledge”
Implementation of Creativity in Chemistry Classes “creativity in chemistry classes [is] included in experiments”
“creativity varies variation [of] methods, for example jigsaw classroom [and] learning at stations”
“having questions is solved by experiments”
“discussions about scientific phenomena”
Conditions for Creativity in Chemistry Classes “creativity requires ambitious planning of the teacher”
“creativity in chemistry classes needs good classroom atmosphere”
“creativity in chemistry classes uses knowledge”
“student leads to creativity in chemistry classes”
Obstacles to the Implementation of Creativity in Chemistry Classes “curriculum limits creativity in chemistry classes”
“creativity in chemistry classes [is] difficult to grade”
“rule is obstacle”
“curriculum restricts teacher”
Consequences and Effects of Creativity in Chemistry Classes “creativity in chemistry classes stimulates independent thinking”
“creativity in chemistry classes leads to motivation”
“you gain knowledge [by] creativity in chemistry classes”
“creativity in chemistry classes leads to new perspectives”
Students’ Role “students are influenced by social environment [and] social conventions”
“students have an influence on classroom atmosphere”
“students influence classroom atmosphere”
“students have intrapersonal characteristics”
Teacher’s Role “teacher uses [or] develops methods”
“creativity must be [in] teacher”
“teacher should lead to a better classroom atmosphere”
“teacher assesses ability”
Individual Definition of Creativity “creativity is ability”
“creativity means no work according to Scheme F”
“creativity is idea”
“creativity is similar to originality/innovation”
Influencing Factors on Creativity “social environment can influence creativity”
“cognitive process results in creativity”
“ability leads to differences in creativity”
“intrapersonal characteristics influence creativity”
Characteristics of Creativity “creativity allows new perspectives”
“creativity manifests in originality/innovation, among other things”
“creativity leads to originality/ innovation”
“creativity [is] connected to idea”
Influencing Factors on General Processes in Class “independence of students to solve problems”
“motivation leads to new knowledge”
“self-motivated learning results in knowledge”
“media have an influence on classroom atmosphere”
Creativity in Non-school Activities and Everyday Life “creativity produces inventions [and therefore] individual prestige”
“knowledge influences product”
“idea contributes to comfort”
“creativity needs development” - “development contributes to the world”