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Table 2 Numbers of different factors in the concept maps, differentiated according to German and Japanese and female (f) and male (m) students (Ø means “in average”)

From: Comparison of German and Japanese student teachers’ views on creativity in chemistry class

Category German students Japanese students
Number of terms in the concept maps without prescribed terms 13–21 9–31
Ø 15.6 (f) Ø 14.9 (f)
Ø 18 (m) Ø 15.9 (m)
Number of terms in the concept maps with prescribed terms 12–24 9–24
Ø 20 (f) Ø 16.7 (f)
Ø 18.7 (m) Ø 17.9 (m)
Number of propositions in the concept maps without prescribed terms 14–47 11–32
Ø 26.3 (f) Ø 17 (f)
Ø 24.4 (m) Ø 18.6 (m)
Number of propositions in the concept maps with prescribed terms 16–60 9–52
Ø 31.1 (f) Ø 21 (f)
Ø 27.6 (m) Ø 26.4 (m)
Number of prescribed terms used in the concept maps with prescribed terms Ø 15.8 Ø 10.1
Ø 15.6 (f) Ø 11.6 (f)
Ø 15 (m) Ø 9.6 (m)
Number of newly added terms in the concept maps with prescribed terms 33 61
Ø 2.6 (f) Ø 2.9 (f)
Ø 1.7 (m) Ø 5.9 (m)
Number of less connected terms in the concept maps without prescribed terms 54 62
Ø 4 (f) Ø 4.6 (f)
Ø 2.9 (m) Ø 4.3 (m)
Number of less connected terms in the concept maps with prescribed terms 75 57
Ø 6 (f) Ø 4.3 (f)
Ø 3.7 (m) Ø 3.9 (m)